In Spanish, words are in accordance with their gender and number (quantity). To make a sentence, everything has to be synchronized by those rules. Personal pronouns are pronouns that are associated with someone. They do not have any meaning by themselves but are important in order to know who is speaking or who is being referred to. The Mexican Spanish has ten personal pronouns, divided in singular, plural, masculine and feminine.
Please pay attention to the cards below, press the button to hear the pronunciation and turn over the card to see the English translation. Remember to take notes if necessary.
As you can see, personal pronouns referring to a group of people like we and they change based on the gender. There is a tricky rule: when you talk about a group of people made exclusively of men you have to use the plural masculine pronoun (nosotros, ellos), and when you’re referring to a group exclusively of women use the plural feminine pronoun (nosotras, ellas). However, when referring to a group of mixed people (men and women), you always use the plural masculine pronoun (nosotros, ellos).
If you see words like tu or el, without the accent mark (tú, él). Those words are not Personal pronouns. El without an accent mark is the article the and tu without an accent mark means yours.
Finally, the Personal pronoun tú is used when you know the person you are talking or referring to. If you don’t know him/her or want to show respect or be formal, use the Personal pronoun usted instead.